Balochistan: Pakistan's pain in the neck
Balochistan, Pakistan's most disregarded province has been facing world's longest insurgency in the history since 1948. Balochistan is described as world's most dangerous place as abduction, torture and killings by Pakistan army and federal security agencies are regular features. Since decades, Balochis are fighting for their legitimate and licit economic and political rights. Their just fight, however, has also been ignored by influential Western and international media. Thus, this gave birth to a number of separatists groups in the province.
Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan. It covers forty four per cent area of Pakistan but has only five per cent population of the country. It borders with Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north and has costal belt of about 750 km. While area of the province is 347,192 sq km, population of Balochistan was estimated to be only 13.16 million in the year 2012. Balochi, Pashtoon and Brahvi are major tribes of Baluchistan. Quetta is capital of Balochistan which is ninth largest city of Pakistan.
As compared to other three provinces of Pakistan, Balochistan remained largely underdeveloped since early days of Pakistan's coming into being. The economy of the province is largely based on production of natural gas, coal and minerals, agriculture and livestock.